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In a later stage of life, Roy moved to Delhi and this is where a part of The Ministry of Utmost Happiness is set. Old Delhi, for instance, is described with a great understanding of the old Muslim culture that used to flourish there. In a recent interview Roy admitted owning a small place in Old Delhi apart from her regular house in New Delhi, and the Old Delhi spot apparently serves as her base to explore the area. But most of the time The Ministry of Utmost Happiness is autobiographical in a different and already mentioned sense: as a catalogue of political and social struggles in which the author was (and is) involved. If we do not deny the writer’s urge to include parts of his or her life as it was done The God of Small Things than the same should apply to The Ministry of Utmost Happiness.
These authors make use of Indian phrases alongside English words and have tried to reproduce a blend of the Indian and the Western cultures. While Indian poets, novelists, essayists, dramatists have been making momentous and considerable contributions to world literature since the pre-Independence era, the past few years have witnessed a thriving of Indian English writing in the global market. The works of Indian authors writing in English are often to be found on the best-seller list. They are also incurring and earning an immense amount of critical fame.
AR: Conflating the two the way I just did is stupid...walking into a trap--it makes it easy for people to say, "Oh, she's anti-American, he's anti-American", when we're not. Of course not. There are things I love about America. Anyway, what is a country? When people say, "Tell me about India", I say, "Which India?.... The land of poetry and mad rebellion? The one that produces haunting music and exquisite textiles? The one that invented the caste system and celebrates the genocide of Muslims and Sikhs and the lynching of Dalits? The country of dollar billionaires? Or the one in which 800 million live on less than half-a-dollar a day? Which India?" When people say "America", which one? Bob Dylan's or Barack Obama's? New Orleans or New York? Just a few years ago India, Pakistan and Bangladesh were one country. Actually, we were many countries if you count the princely states.... Then the British drew a line, and now we're three countries, two of them pointing nukes at each other--the radical Hindu bomb and the radical Muslim bomb.
While this novel is closer to Adiga's portrait of a riven, chaotic India in The White Tiger than the flattering portrait he describes, its exquisite, moving centre lies with almost-impossibly hard-won acts of love and courage.