"The 'disappearances' of detainees in the custody of Russian federal forces in Chechnya is a major human rights crisis that the Russian government and the ...
Vietnamese authorities forced at least 75,000 drug addicts and prostitutes into 71 overpopulated “rehab” camps, labeling the detainees at “high risk” of contracting HIV/AIDS but providing no treatment.
This is not just a problem in developing countries – with a growing amount of oil being produced in North America by extreme techniques, like fracking and tar sands, communities near extraction sites are now raising human rights concerns in Canada and the United States. Both developing and developed countries that are extracting oil have experienced spills and environmental pollution that has forever impacted the health and wellbeing of communities, local fisheries, and waterways.
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The claims made by human rights to universality have led to criticism. Philosophers who have criticised the concept of human rights include Jeremy Bentham , Edmund Burke , Friedrich Nietzsche and Karl Marx . [ citation needed ] Canadian political philosophy professor Charles Blattberg argues that discussion of human rights, being abstract, demotivates people from upholding the values that rights are meant to affirm.  The Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy gives particular attention to two types of criticisms: the one questioning universality of human rights and the one denying them objective ground.  Alain Pellet , a French scholar on international law, criticises "human rightism" approach as denying the principle of sovereignty and claiming a special place for human rights among the branches of international law;  French journalist Alain de Benoist questions human rights premises of human equality.  American scholar David Kennedy had listed pragmatic worries and polemical charges concerning human rights in 2002 in Harvard Human Rights Journal .