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Although fond of company and conversation with others, Kant isolated himself, and resisted friends' attempts to bring him out of his isolation. It's been noted that in 1778, in response to one of these offers by a former pupil, Kant wrote :
Ethics is not independent of other branches of inquiry. One important point of contact between ethics and metaphysics is the problem of free will . It is often argued that ethics presupposes that human agents have free will, for if it is true to say that someone should not have acted in a way that violated a moral obligation, then they must have been able to do something else instead. So it seems that ethics, especially in the sense of moral obligation, presupposes that human beings have free will.
As early as during my days as a forestry student at Vienna’s University of Natural Resources and Life Sciences, I have been intrigued by the question of how to ensure the effective role of science in public policy-making? When I started my professional career with the Ministerial Conference on the Protection of Forests in Europe, now Forest Europe, I had a chance to take a closer look at the policy perspective. When I joined IUFRO Headquarters in 2003, I started to concentrate my efforts on establishing IUFRO as a source of science-based solutions for decision-makers.
In an attempt to classify types of freedom, Adler invents three categories that he hopes are "dialectically neutral" - the circumstantial freedom of self-realization (freedom from coercion, political end economic freedom, etc.), the acquired freedom of self-perfection (making decisions for moral reasons rather than desires and passions), and the natural freedom of self-determination (the normal freedom of the will).