Saltpetre came to Italy as "Chinese snow" with Marco Polo, and once gunpowder was developed and married to European metallurgy, cannons soon followed. The word cannon comes from the Latin root canna, or reed (shades of the fire lance!) The word canon (Latin for "statute" or "law") was used in Italy as early as the 14th century to describe a cannon. "Ordnance" comes from ordinance , a Latin synonym of canon.
Fighting soon broke out between juntas and the Spanish colonial authorities, with initial victories for the advocates of independence. Eventually these early movements were crushed by the royalist troops by 1810, including those of Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla in Mexico in the year 1810. Later on Francisco de Miranda in Venezuela by 1812. Under the leadership of a new generation of leaders, such as Simón Bolívar "The Liberator", José de San Martín of Argentina, and other Libertadores in South America, the independence movement regained strength, and by 1825, all Spanish America , except for Puerto Rico and Cuba, had gained independence from Spain. In the same year in Mexico , a military officer, Agustín de Iturbide , led a coalition of conservatives and liberals who created a constitutional monarchy , with Iturbide as emperor . This First Mexican Empire was short-lived, and was followed by the creation of a republic in 1823.
Derived from a Greek word meaning "to draw out." Refers to the
obtaining of a Scripture passage's meaning by drawing the
meaning out from the text rather than reading it into the text
(which is eisegesis).
hermeneutics : Refers to the science of interpretation. It is that branch of theology that prescribes rules and guidelines by which the Bible should be interpreted.
normative authority : Authority that is binding upon us in terms of what we are to believe and do.
praxis : From the Greek prasso (meaning "to work"), praxis involves revolutionary action on behalf of the poor and oppressed - and out of this, theological perceptions will (liberationists believe) continually emerge. In other words, praxis refers to the discovery and formation of theological "truth" out of a given historical situation through personal participation in the struggle for the liberation of the oppressed.
propositional revelation : The view that God in the Bible has communicated factual information (or propositions) about Himself; the view that God's special revelation in Scripture has been given in propositional statements.
(An article from the Christian Research Journal , Winter 1991, page 8)